Zen Buddhism, introduced from
The historical backgrounds of the Rinzai and the Sōtō sect have different types of development. For instance, some Sōtō sect temples were built at the foot of mountains, while those of the Rinzai sect temples in
The development of the temples
The architecture of Zen style (zenshuyou) was introduced from
After his sojourn to
The Zen complex is in general axial in plan and roughly symmetrically bilateral. This reflects the regimentation of the Zen monk’s daily life, in which each act is expected to contribute to an over all attitude of religious discipline. The lay out of Tien-t’ung and
The details of the kumimono (bracket complexes) of both sects are set up in the same arrangement. For Rinzai sect, all the main buildings (sanmon, butsuden, and hatto) in gozan monastery are set up with Zen style bracket complex. In contrast the bracket complex of Sōtō sect monastery (Eihei-ji) has only the sanmon and butsuden employing Zen style, while the butsuden was designed in Japanese style (wayou).
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 The founder of Rinzai sect of Zen Buddhism in
 The founder of Sōtō sect of Zen Buddhism in
 “These statements are used as subjects for meditation by novices in Zen monasteries. Koan are also used as a test of whether the disciple has really attained enlightenment. Helped by the koan study, sudents of Zen may open their minds to the truth” Japanese-English Buddhist Dictionary, Daito Shuppansha, p. 176. see also Zen Dictionary, pp. 64-68.
 Yokoyama, H., Zen no Kenchiku, p. 173.
 Shohaku, O., Dogen Zen, p. 181.
 Shohaku, O., Shoubougenzo-zuimonki, Book 2, 2-7, p. 81.
 Ibid., p. 81.
 Yokoyama, H., Op cit., p. 95. And see also Heinrich Dumoulin, Zen Buddhism A History: Japan, p. 59.
 Op cit., p. 28.
 Kazuo N. & Kazuo, H., What is Japanese Architecture, A Survey of Traditional japanese Architecture, p. 22.
 Heinrich, D., Zen Buddhism: A History,
 Shichidou garan are sanmon, butsuden, hatto, tousu, yokushitsu, soudou and kuri. See Noboru Sugino, Kinsei kouki no Sotoshu no heimen to hatten katei, Kinsei Zenshu hondou no kenkyu (1), Journal of Architecture Planning and Environmental Engineering, AIJ, No. 407, January, 1990, p. 173. And see also Heinrich Dumoulin, Op cit., p. 224-225.
 Yokoyama, H., Op cit., p. 102. In this page there is a discription about the different plan layout of the three monasteries. In the case of Souji-ji monastery the butsuden called taishidou is not placed in one direction axis.
 See Matsumoto, S., Zenshu Jiin Hondou no Tokuchou,
 Yokoyama, H., Op cit., p. 102.